Perjury is a Felony
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If any person to whom an oath is lawfully administered on any occasion
willfully swear falsely on such occasion touching any material matter or thing, or if a
person falsely make oath that any other person is eighteen years of age in order to obtain
a marriage license for such other person, he shall be guilty of perjury, punishable as a
Class 5 felony. Upon the conviction of any person for perjury, such person thereby shall
be adjudged forever incapable of holding any office of honor, profit or trust under the
Constitution of Virginia, or of serving as a juror.
(Code 1950, §§ 18.1-273 through 18.1-275; 1960, c. 358; 1972, c. 823; 1975, cc. 14, 15.)
It shall likewise constitute perjury for any person, with the intent to testify
falsely, to knowingly give testimony under oath as to any material matter or thing and
subsequently to give conflicting testimony under oath as to the same matter or thing. In
any indictment for such perjury, it shall be sufficient to allege the offense by stating
that the person charged therewith did, knowingly and with the intent to testify falsely,
on one occasion give testimony upon a certain matter and, on a subsequent occasion, give
different testimony upon the same matter. Upon the trial on such indictment, it shall be
sufficient to prove that the defendant, knowingly and with the intent to testify falsely,
gave such differing testimony and that the differing testimony was given on two separate
(Code 1950, § 18.1-276; 1960, c. 358; 1975, cc. 14, 15.)
If any person procure or induce another to commit perjury or to give false testimony under oath in violation of any provision of this article, he shall be punished as prescribed in § 18.2-434.
In any prosecution under this section, it shall be sufficient to prove that the
person alleged to have given false testimony shall have been procured, induced, counselled
or advised to give such testimony by the party charged.
(Code 1950, § 18.1-277; 1960, c. 358; 1975, cc. 14, 15.)
It shall be unlawful for any person (i) to knowingly give a false report as to the commission of any crime to any law-enforcement official with intent to mislead, or (ii) without just cause and with intent to interfere with the operations of any law-enforcement official, to call or summon any law-enforcement official by telephone or other means, including engagement or activation of an automatic emergency alarm. Violation of the provisions of this section shall be punishable as a Class 1 misdemeanor.
A. Except as provided in this section, or as otherwise provided by law, a landlord shall not retaliate by selectively increasing rent or decreasing services or by bringing or threatening to bring an action for possession after he has knowledge that: (i) the tenant has complained to a governmental agency charged with responsibility for enforcement of a building or housing code of a violation applicable to the premises materially affecting health or safety; (ii) the tenant has made a complaint to or filed a suit against the landlord for a violation of any provision of this chapter; (iii) the tenant has organized or become a member of a tenants' organization; or (iv) the tenant has testified in a court proceeding against the landlord.
B. The landlord shall be deemed to have knowledge of a fact if he has actual knowledge of it; he has received a notice or notification of it; or, from all the facts and circumstances known to him at the time in question, he has reason to know that it exists.
C. Notwithstanding the provisions of subsections A and B of this section, a landlord may terminate the rental agreement pursuant to subsection A of § 55-248.46 and bring an action for possession if:
1. Violation of the applicable building and housing code was caused by lack of reasonable care by the tenant or a member of his household or a person on the premises with his consent;
2. The tenant is in default in rent; or
3. The tenant is in default of a provision of the rental agreement materially affecting the health and safety of himself or others.
(1986, c. 586; 1991, c. 185; 1992, c. 709.)